The History of Cloud Computing

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Definition Cloud Computing

Cloud Computing is the outsourcing of stationary hard and software to external service providers via networks like the internet. As a result of that the common service modelsInfrastructure as a Service (IaaS)Platform as a Service (PaaS) and Software as a Service (SaaS) arose. The official definition explains; “cloud computing is a model for enabling convenient, on-demand network access to a shared pool of computing resources (e.g., networks, servers, storage..) that can be rapidly provisioned and released with minimal management effort of service provider interaction.” In short:  with internet access, cloud computing is the ability to use any or all data and applications from any device.

Where did the term “Cloud Computing” come from?

“It starts with the premise that the data services and architecture should be on servers. We call it cloud computing – they should be in a “cloud” somewhere.” Eric Schmidt, Google. With the right browser and device, you can access your applications from everywhere. Schmidt, although some may disagree, earned the credit of coining the term “cloud.” However, what makes this controversial, is that within a month after he said this at the conference, Amazon was set to launch its Elastic Compute Cloud system.

How did cloud computing evolve?

The Cloud computing concept dates back to the early 1960’s. According to ComputerWeekly, Cloud Computing has evolved from the concept of an “intergalactic computer network.” Remember the mainframe days? With Cloud computing, one can store things somewhere else. During the 70’s and 80’s, the concept of having potential customers have everything (all their facilities) connected on the same network, was a revolutionary idea during those times. This was when most diagrams and workflows were drawn, and when the 90’s came around, the idea of the cloud became reality.

Revolutionizing the Cloud

The true revolution of the cloud was when computer scientists and engineers would show their diagrams and slideshows that referred to the “network”, where it meant the grouping together of computers and storage devices somewhere else. They initially coined the term cloud, however it was not a known term to the outside world just yet. Companies saw the monumental impact the cloud could have, and quickly jumped on board. The arrival of Salesforce in 1999, considered a pioneer in cloud computing, enabled Software as a Service product. Then came Amazon Web services in 2002, and in 2006, as mentioned before, the Elastic Compute Cloud was introduced. Cloud computing is everywhere now, and therefore, making user-ability even easier has come to the forefront of start-ups and companies like Tocario offering a new desktop as a service solution.

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